Step Back in Time in Historic Nuremberg
Germany has many beautiful historic cities and the Bavarian city of Nuremberg is one of the best. Located in southeast Germany, this is the second largest city in Bavaria after Munich and was once the unofficial capital of the Holy Roman Empire.
This lovely city with its fairytale castle is situated on the Pegnitz River, close to the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal which offers wonderful day cruises through some of the area’s prettiest scenery. However, there’s plenty to keep you busy within this fascinating city too.
Nuremberg has a medieval Old Town, or Aldstadt, which is beautifully laid out within the 3-mile city walls which are studded with 80 watchtowers. Gothic churches and half-timbered architecture make the town look like a setting from a fairytale. The added benefit of the canals makes the city extra photogenic. Intricate spires and ornate wrought-iron gateways inspire you to explore and walking tours with an English speaking guide are a great way to learn about the city’s historic past and the stories associated with some of the buildings.
The mediaeval buildings around the Hauptmarkt are decorated with painted frescoes, making a perfect setting for the outdoor produce market. As well as fruit and vegetables there are stalls selling delicious German treats such as Nuremberg bratwurst sausages and lebkuchen gingerbread.
Look out for the Gothic fountain of King Neptune in Market Square and make time to visit the Albrecht Durer House. This museum is dedicated to the life of this German painter, considered one of the greatest Renaissance artists in Germany. Another landmark is the Schoner Brunnen. This was the town well, within an ornate monument enclosed behind a wrought-iron fence. Set into the fence is a well-handled shiny bronze loop. It is said that if you turn it three times, it is meant to make your wish come true.
The lovely old Kaiserburg with its round tower was the imperial residence of the Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire from 1050 to 1571. You can take a tour and see the sumptuously decorated and furnished rooms, the Sinwell Tower, Roman Chapel and the well. From the castle’s elevated location there are panoramic views of the city below.
Those interested in war history will find plenty to satisfy their curiosity at the Documentation Centre Museum. Visit the site of the Nuremberg Trials in Courtroom 600 of the Palace of Justice. Other sites of interest are the Reichsparteitagsgelande, where the Nazi Nuremberg rallies were held in the 1930s, and the vast Nazi Party Rally Grounds.
Nuremberg has many museums, churches (such as the 13th century St Sebalduskirche), old beer cellars, parks and streets cafés selling apfelkuchen (apple pie). You will find it is very easy to stay at least a week in this lovely city and still not have seen all there is on offer.